> Plant Types
The Marula (Sclerocarya birrea)
tree is a member of the Anacardiaceae family, and shares
the family with the mango, pistachio, and cashew nut.
It is dioecious
and a medium-sized species of its kind. They are native
to Southern Africa, and stretch into West Africa. They
are one of the trees that make up the miombo woodlands
The Marula grows to heights of about
18 m tall, and has a wide spreading crown and is single
stemmed. The bark of the Marula is mottled and light
grey in color. The branches of the Marula tree
are common resting places for leopards, where they lay
in the tree tops or stash their prey for a later time.
The fruits of the Marula are edible and used for various
things. The liquer Amarula contains juice from the Marula
fruit. The fruit has a yellow skin when ripe and white
flesh. The fruit has about eight times the Vitamin C
than oranges. The flesh is very tart, and some people
say the flavor is reminiscent of turpentine. Inside
the flesh is a hard stone like nut, which when dry,
sheds 2 or 3 seeds.